As someone who has turned microchipping himself into a hobby, Amal Graafstra is a pioneer of so-called DIY implantation.
Graafstra implanted himself with two radio-frequency identification tags (RFIDs), similar to the sort of chips used in cats and dogs, five years ago.
The procedure was simple. The American IT department head bought the chips himself from a commercial outlet and a cosmetic surgeon inserted one through a scalpel cut in his left hand in March 2005.
His family doctor used a pet injector to insert the second one in his right hand later that year.
Unlike others who have implanted themselves for research, Graafstra, who was in Australia to address an international technology symposium at the University of Wollongong, says he did it for his own convenience.
The chips help him do things like open the door to his home, log onto his computer and start his motorbike.
“I have the skill to be able to utilise this technology in my daily life,” he says.
“It was basically a key replacement first and foremost.”
However, he admits he has been a ground-breaker.
“Pets have been getting implants of the same nature for many years,” he says.
“But in the non-commercial, private DIY space I’m the first person I know of who has used the technology in this way.
“This is kind of a do-it-yourself guerrilla-style approach to the technology.”
Graafstra doesn’t consider himself a cyborg, electrophorus or even homo electronicus – all terms that have been used to describe the new, microchipped breed of human.
However he says these terms all describe a future that humans are hurtling towards.
“I do not consider myself a cyborg because a cyborg is somebody that actually has a technological interface, something that interacts with the body like a pacemaker, or a cochlear implant,” he says.
“All I’ve done is move the RFID tag from my wallet, or my pants pocket, to a skin pocket.”
He prefers to describe himself as “an adventurous hobbyist” and “just a regular dude”.
And says he is no longer alone.
“When it got out on the news … several people contacted me and we started forming a little group and you can find people on YouTube having this procedure done.”
Several Australians are among those to have embraced the technology, he says.
The field of human implantation isn’t without risk, says British scientist Mark Gasson, who has been billed as the first person in the world to catch a computer virus.
Gasson, also in Australia for the conference, had an RFID-based implant put in his hand about a year ago, originally for access to his UK-based lab and mobile phone.
Later, as an experiment, he deliberately infected the chip with a virus and found he was able to pass the infection on to the laboratory’s security system.
“If we’re talking about an attack on the (implantable) technology, like a computer virus, then we can start to talk about the person being infected by a computer virus,” he says.
“We’ve shown that we can actually transmit a computer virus to the chip and use that to infect the security access database in our laboratory.”
It could also work the other way around, with a virus in a data system being transmitted to the wearer of an implant.
Gasson says this raises serious issues, especially with regard to implantable medical devices on which peoples’ lives may depend.
He described the experience of carrying a computer virus as “extremely violating”.
“It’s completely out of your control,” he says.
“It’s a device that’s in your body, you can’t just leave it on your desk and come back the next day to sort the problem out.
“I knew that I could walk around the building and potentially transmit this piece of malicious code back into the building.”
Like Graafstra, Gasson doesn’t consider himself a cyborg, though he admits “technically I probably should”.
He says carrying the implant feels like a natural evolution.
“It’s not like something in me has radically changed,” he says.
“I don’t feel it’s changed me as a person, it hasn’t changed my sense of self.
“It’s added a new dimension and a new set of experiences to my life.”